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Try to imagine a world without Walt Disney. A
world without his magic, whimsy, and optimism. Walt Walt Disney BiographyDisney
transformed the entertainment industry, into what we know today. He pioneered
the fields of animation, and found new ways to teach, and educate. A pioneer and innovator, and the possessor of one of the
most fertile and unique imaginations the world has ever known. Walt Disney
could take the dreams of America, and make them come true. He was a creator, a
imaginative, and aesthetic person. Even thirty years after his death, we still
continue to grasp his ideas, and his creations, remembering him for everything
he’s done for us.
Later, after Walt’s birth, the Disney family
moved to Marceline, Missouri. Walt lived out most of his childhood here. Walt
had a very early interest in drawing, and art. When he was seven years old, he
sold small sketches, and drawings to nearby neighbors. Instead of doing his
school work Walt doodled pictures of animals, and nature. His knack for
creating enduring art forms took shape when he talked his sister, Ruth, into
helping him paint the side of the family’s house with tar.Walter Elias Disney
was born on December 5, 1901 in Chicago Illinois,
Close to the Disney family farm, there were
Santa Fe Railroad tracks that crossed the countryside. Often Walt would put his
ear against the tracks, to listen for approaching trains. Walt’s uncle, Mike
Martin, was a train engineer who worked the route between Fort Madison, Iowa,
and Marceline. Walt later worked a summer job with the railroad, selling
newspapers, popcorn, and sodas to travelers.
Besides his other interests, Walt attended
McKinley High School in Chicago. There, Disney divided his attention between
drawing and photography, and contributing to the school paper. At night he
attended the Academy of Fine Arts, to better his drawing abilities.
Even after the Disney family moved to Kansas
City, Walt continued to develop and flourish in his talent for artistic
drawing. Besides drawing, Walt had picked up a knack for acting and performing.
At school he began to entertain his friends by imitating his silent screen
hero, Charlie Chaplin. At his teachers invitation, Walt would tell his
classmates stories, while illustrating on the chalk board.
Once he returned from France, he wanted to
pursue a career in commercial art, which soon lead to his experiments in
animation. He began producing short animated films for local businesses, in
Kansas City. By the time Walt had started to create The Alice Comedies, which
was about a real girl and her adventures in an animated world, Walt ran out of
money, and his company Laugh-O-Grams went bankrupted. Instead of giving up,
Walt packed his suitcase and with his unfinished print of The Alice Comedies in
hand, headed for Hollywood to start a new business. He was not yet twenty-two.
The early flop of The Alice Comedies
inoculated Walt against fear of failure; he had risked it all three or four
times in his life. Walt’s brother, Roy O. Disney, was already in California,
with an immense amount of sympathy and encouragement, and $250. Pooling their
resources, they borrowed an additional $500, and set up shop in their uncle’s
garage. Soon, they received an order from New York for the first Alice in
Cartoonland(The Alice Comedies) featurette, and the brothers expanded their
production operation to the rear of a Hollywood real estate office. It was
Walt’s enthusiasm and faith in himself, and others, that took him straight to
the top of Hollywood society.
Although, Walt wasn’t the typical Hollywood
mogul. Instead of socializing with the “who’s who” of the Hollywood
entertainment industry, he would stay home and have dinner with his wife,
Lillian, and his daughters, Diane and Sharon. In fact, socializing was a bit
boring to Walt Disney. Usually he would dominate a conversation, and hold
listeners spellbound as he described his latest dreams or ventures. The people
that where close to Walt were those who lived with him, and his ideas, or both.
On December 21, 1937, Snow White and the
Seven Dwarfs, the first full-length animated musical feature, premiered at the
Carthay Theater in Los Angeles. The film produced at the unheard cost of
$1,499,000 during the depths of the Depression, the film is still considered
one of the great feats and imperishable monuments of the motion picture
industry. During the next five years, Walt Disney Studios completed other
full-length animated classics such as Pinocchio, Fantasia, Dumbo, and Bambi. Walt’s drive to perfect
the art of animation was endless. In
1932, the production entitled Flowers and Trees won Walt the first of his studio’s
In 1940, construction was completed on the
Burbank Studio, and Disney’s staff swelled to more than 1,000 artists,
animators, story men, and technicians. Although, because of World War II 94
percent of the Disney facilities were engaged in special government work,
including the production of training and propaganda films for the armed
services, as well as health films which are still shown through-out the world
by the U.S. State Department.
Walt Disney’s dream of a clean, and organized
amusement park, came true, as Disneyland Park opened in 1955. As a fabulous
$17-million magic kingdom, soon had increased its investment tenfold, and by
the beginning of its second quarter-century, had entertained more than 200
million people, including presidents, kings and queens, and royalty from all
over the globe.
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